What is Tajweed?
Tajweed is an Arabic word meaning beautification of the Quran. It refers to a set of rules that help one recite the Qur’an correctly. Some specialists argue that tajweed was created to remove the difficult pronunciations in Arabic, but others say that it began with the Prophet Muhammad
The rules and guidelines of Islamic recitation known as tajweed are a compulsory part of learning and reading the Noble Qur’an. It’s an important source of transmission for every Muslim to learn in order to uphold the authenticity and beauty of reciting the Qur’an in its true form.
The Quran is a unique Book. It is Allah’s literal words that He revealed to the Prophet Muhammad (may Allah raise his rank and grant him peace) to teach the people. The importance of reading the Quran correctly becomes clear when we consider that if it is recited incorrectly, then this would invalidate one’s prayers and they are fast will not be accepted before Allah Almighty.
Recitation of the Quran is an art that can only be mastered with time and effort. The rules of recitation, called Tajweed, ensure that every word and letter in the Quran is pronounced exactly as prescribed by Allah. Even the hardest of hearts can be softened by hearing the Quran recited correctly. Even if they don’t comprehend what is being said, it is a highly affecting experience for Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Every Muslim is required to recite the Quran in prayer, but many of us are unaware that correctly reciting the Quran while adhering to the rules of recitation is not an advanced science reserved for expert reciters only; rather, it is a responsibility that each of us bears whenever we recite the Quran.
Rules of Reading with Tajweed:
There are two categories of mistakes that might occur when reciting the Quran:
1. Clear mistakes: which usually change obvious things and change the meaning.
Mistakes relating to proper letter pronunciation so that letters do not become jumbled up and lose their meaning. These should be avoided by both scholars and ordinary Muslims.
Examples of Clear Mistakes:
-Paying no attention to the elongations (Madd) read it fast so it turns to be at the length of a vowel.
-Making a grammatical error by halting or starting at the wrong location
–Transforming one letter into another or a short vowel into another such as “dammah to fatha” and vice versa
2. Hidden (Unobvious) mistakes that need to study Tajweed rules.
Only those who have studied Tajweed regulations or are professionals in this field are aware of them.
Examples of Hidden Mistakes:
– Making light letters sound heavy and vice versa.
– Not merging certain letters that should be merged
-paying no attention to the attributes of each letter
– Not being exact with the elongation of letters
The purpose behind Observance of Tajweed:
-The Quran reciters will be accompanied by the honorable angels. This is mentioned in the Quran and Sunnah as well, so it is a true fact.
–Observe the correct pronunciation of every letter with its rules and character.
-When you read Quran, you will receive 10 rewards for each letter.
-Reading Quran leads to Paradise.
– Tajweed helps the reciter to be proficient in reciting the Quran
Tips for learning Tajweed:
· learn Tajweed by listening to an experienced teacher who can explain the rules of tajweed. Listen to cassettes of a hafiz or qari who recites the Quran at a medium or slow speed and see how they apply the various tajweed rules to the ayat of the Quran. Follow their lead while attempting to apply the rules you’ve learned. Try to mimic their tone and melody, and pay attention to how it varies as the meaning of what they’re saying changes.
· Choose some of the surahs you’ve already memorized and practice reciting them with tajweed. You may need to re-read the surah in order to do this.
· One of the most effective ways to improve your tajweed is by getting a teacher. This can be difficult, but it’s important not only to find a teacher you are comfortable with but to have the right kind of learning environment, where you feel confident asking questions. Once you have started studying with your teacher (and if he is any good!), you will find that you can learn so much more and progress at a faster pace.
· Learning tajweed is like learning to speak any language. The more you practice and repeat it, the better you become. Insha-Allah with practice and repetition, your recitation will improve!
Learn More About Tajweed and the Quran with Classes at Murouj academy
If you are interested in learning more about Tajweed rules for beginners and want to learn more about the Quran and Islam in general, Murouj Academy offers classes to teach you Arabic, Islam, and much more. Through video lectures and interactive lessons, our course offers a unique approach that includes a professional educator who will help you stay motivated and supported as you grow. Our lessons are available 24/7 to meet any schedule, and our instructional materials were prepared by Quran scholars and skilled Arabic speakers. Schedule your free evaluation here to learn more or to sign up right now.
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